WHAT IS ON Free-to-Air /Ku-BAND Satellite?
There are various types of services on Ku-band. Some of the services include NBC, PBS, news feeds, Satellite News Gathering, mobile truck uplinks, educational networks, teleconferences, sports backhauls, various other backhauls, international programming, business networks, Single Channel Per Carrier analog audio transmissions and FM Squared audio services. KU band also includes some of the familiar branded consolidators like DIRECT and DISHNETWORK.
These Systems Utilize a 24-32" satellite dish, much smaller than C-band dishes. Dishes can be mounted in a fixed position or attached to a DiSEqC Motor rotator allowing for multiple satellite locations. typically SW direction from NC and the east coast.
The channel list below reflects only Ku band channels available from satellites Telstar 12 at 15 degrees west all the way to Echostar 5 located at 29 degrees west, and is for reference only.
All stations are Ku band and require a 75cm dish or larger. The recommendation is to use a 90cm/36" WS9036 satellite dish for premium reception paired with a WS International Ku band LNBF for most of the satellites listed below. Please keep in mind that, depending on your location, some satellites may require a larger satellite dish.
If you are looking for a complete FTA system, please look in our Complete System section for product recommendations.
18"/45cm antenna and DSS (Circular) LNB / LNBF:
Echostar 3 satellite @ 61.5° W, Nimiq 2 satellite @ 82° W, Nimiq 1 satellite @ 91° W, DirecTV 4S/8 satellite @ 101° W, DirecTV 5 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 8 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 10 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 7 satellite @ 119° W, DirecTV 7S satellite @ 119° W, Echostar 1 & 2 satellites @ 148° W.
30"/76cm dish antenna and DSS (Circular) LNB / LNBF:
Echostar 3 satellite @ 61.5° W, DirecTV 1R satellite @ 72.5° W, Nimiq 2 satellite @ 82° W, Nimiq 1 satellite @ 91° W, DirecTV 4S/8 satellite @ 101° W, DirecTV 5 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 8 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 10 satellite @ 110° W, Echostar 7 satellite @ 119° W, DirecTV 7S satellite @ 119° W, Anik F3 satellite @ 119°, Echostar 5 satellite @ 129° W, Echostar 1 & 2 satellites @ 148° W
30"/76cm antenna and FSS (Linear) LNB / LNBF:
AMC 6 satellite @ 72° W, AMC 9 satellite @ 83° W, AMC 16 satellite @ 85° W, AMC 3 satellite @ 87° W, Galaxy 28 satellite @ 89° W, Galaxy 26 satellite @ 93° W, Galaxy 3C satellite @ 95° W, Galaxy 25 satellite @ 97° W, Galaxy 16 satellite @ 99° W, AMC 4 satellite @ 101° W, AMC 15 satellite @ 105° W, Anik F1R satellite @ 107.3 W, Echostar 9 satellite @ 121° W, Galaxy 10R satellite @ 123° W, Galaxy 13 satellite @ 127° W
36" / 90cm dish antenna and FSS (Linear) LNB / LNBF:
AMC 6 satellite @ 72° W, AMC 5 satellite @ 79° W, AMC 9 satellite @ 83° W, AMC 16 satellite @ 85° W, AMC 3 satellite @ 87° W, Galaxy 28 satellite @ 89° W, Galaxy 11 satellite @ 91° W, Galaxy 26 satellite @ 93° W, Galaxy 3C satellite @ 95° W, Galaxy 25 satellite @ 97° W, Galaxy 16 satellite @ 99° W, AMC 4 satellite @ 101° W, AMC 1 satellite @ 103° W, AMC 15 satellite @ 105° W, Anik F1R satellite @ 107.3 W, Echostar 9 satellite @ 121° W, Galaxy 10R satellite @ 123° W, Galaxy 13 satellite @ 127° W
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8PSK: Eight level phase shift keying. (eight signals in the signal set distinguished by eight phases 45°
Carrier ID: The insertion of carrier ID information in the MPEG stream will assist in the rapid identification
of satellite streams in troubleshooting satellite interference problems.
Component Video: Video consisting of three independent signals; one luminance and two color difference
signals or Green-Blue-Red signals.
Composite Video: A single signal with luminance, chrominance, sync, and color burst.
DTMF: Dual Tone Multiple Frequency signal used for control purposes.
DVB: Digital Video Broadcasting and the organization that promotes its standards.
DVB-S: A DVB standard for framing structure, channel coding and modulation for satellite services that
uses QPSK modulation.
DVB-S2: A second generation DVB standard framing structure, channel coding, and modulation systems for
video and other broadband satellite applications. DVB-S2 utilizes coding that is more bandwidth efficient
than that used in DVB-S and DVB-DSNG, and it includes options for 8PSK modulation.
EIRP: Effective Isotropic Radiated Power. A satellite's signal strength as transmitted at a particular location,
measured in decibel-watts per square meter.
Headroom: The level difference between peak audio level and test tone level.
HPA: High power amplifier used to amplify the transmitter signal before being radiated by the antenna.
MPEG-2: MPEG-2 is widely used as the format of digital television signals that are broadcast by
terrestrial (over-the-air), cable, and direct broadcast satellite TV systems. MPEG-2 was the second
of several standards developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG) and is an
international standard (ISO/IEC 13818)
MPEG-4: A method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data. It was
introduced in late 1998 and designated a standard for a group of audio and video coding formats and
related technology agreed upon by the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) (ISO/IEC
JTC1/SC29/WG11) under the formal standard ISO/IEC 14496 – Coding of audio-visual objects.
Operating Level: The level at which VU meters read zero with 400 Hz reference test tone. Equal to Peak
Audio Level minus Headroom.
Peak Level: True-peak level is the maximum (positive or negative) value of the signal waveform in the
continuous time domain; this value may be higher than the largest sample value in the 48 kHz time-sampled
QPSK: Quadrature phase shift keying. Phase modulation where the modulating signal shifts the
instantaneous phase of the modulated wave to preset values (four signals in the signal set distinguished by
four phases ±90° apart.).